Badminton is a racket sport game played by 2 people (singles), on opposite sides. It can also be played by 4 people (doubles) – 2 players each on opposite sides. The intention of the game is to hit a birdie over the net and into the opponent’s court in such a way that it can’t be returned.

Badminton was first played in the 17th Century.  The Badminton World Federation is the highest governing body of the sport. Since 1992, badminton has been an Olympic Sport, with five events:  men’s and women’s singles, men’s and women’s doubles, and mixed doubles, in which each pair consists of a man and a woman.  The sport demands excellent fitness.  Players require aerobic stamina, agility, strength, speed and precision.

To play Badminton, you need : a badminton court or Play Area, badminton racket,  shuttlecock (birdie),net.

The standard Badminton Court measures a rectangle 20′ wide and 44′ long. A 2½ft-high net is stretched across the playing area at half-court. The top of the net measures 5′ 1″ from the floor.

The shuttlecock has an open shape that looks like a cone. It is a feathered or plastic buckshot with that is very active in the air. The very nature of the shuttlecock causes it to fly differently from the balls used in most racquet sports. In particular, the feathers create much higher drag or air resistance.  This type of resistance causes the shuttlecock to slow down or loose speed faster than a ball. Shuttlecocks have a much higher top speed, when compared to other racquet sports.


In competitions, badminton is best played in an indoor Badminton Court where the wind cannot affect and interfere with the flight of the birdie. When playing for just fun, badminton can be played in the backyard, garden or at the beach! In competitive Badminton, the moderator is the Umpire or Service Judge.  In recreational Badminton, the players can do the job for themselves.

The Rules of the Game And How To Play

A badminton game is played to 15 or 21 points. Players decide before the game begins what they will play to. The first player to reach 15 or 21 is the winner. A match is usually made up of the best of 3 games.

Before The Racket Hits The Birdie

Players toss a coin to see who will serve first. The winner of the toss is the first server. The server begins the game by hitting the birdie over the net to the receiver (on the opposite side).

A birdie landing on a line is considered inbounds. If a birdie touches the net during the regular course of play (aside from the serve) and passes over it properly, it is considered a good hit and is still in play. If a player has a chance of striking the birdie with a downward motion near the net, his opponent cannot put up his racket to block it or interfere in any way.


When the server’s score is zero (0) or when he has scored an even number of points, he starts in his right hand service court and serves from the right side. When the server has scored an odd number of points, the serve is delivered from the left-hand service court. Both players change service courts after each point has been scored.

The server drops the birdie so that his racket strikes it in an underhand position. Both of the server’s feet must be touching the ground in the appropriate service court. The serve should land in the court diagonally opposite the server on the opponent’s side of the court. If the server misses the birdie, it is not a fault.


Only the serving side can win a point. A player is “in” while serving and “out” while receiving. When the server during the play causes the “out” player to commit a fault, the server wins a point.

When the receiver (“out” player) during a play forces the “in” player to commit a fault the “in” player loses the serve and the “out” player then becomes the server.


A fault is a violation that ends a rally. If the server commits a fault, the service goes to his opponent. If the receiver commits a fault, the server wins a point.

Service Faults – A service fault occurs if, while serving, the server:

  • the server hits the birdie above his waist.
  • the racket head is not completely below the level of the hand holding the racket.
  • the server’s feet are not in the correct service court (they can’t touch the lines).
  • both the server’s feet are not touching the ground.
  • the server attempts to fake the serve.
  • the receiver isn’t standing in the correct service court.
  • the receiver moves before the birdie is hit.
  • the birdie lands outside the correct service court. It should land in the court diagonally opposite to the server.

General Faults – It is a fault if:

  • the birdie lands outside the court.
  • the birdie doesn’t make it over the net.
  • a player is hit by the birdie.
  • a player hits the birdie twice on a shot.
  • the birdie is hit before it crosses the net.
  • a player touches the net while the birdie is in play.
  • the birdie is caught on the racket head and slung instead of hit.
  • a player obstructs his opponent.


A let causes a play to be repeated. It happens when:

  • the birdie touches the net and goes over into the proper service court.
  • the server serves from the wrong court.
  • the receiver hits the serve while standing in the wrong court.
  • opponents commit faults at the same time.
  • the birdie is caught in the net after passing over it.

Little Kids Can Play Too, But How?

Depending on the number of players, skill level, available equipment, or the size of your playing area, you can modify the basic badminton rules to fit your needs.

Badminton is a fun game for everyone!  For younger children, make the game more fun when you:

  • Use racquets with short handles
  • Lower the net
  • Don’t use a net at all, but you draw a simple line across for demarcation
  • Allow players more than one hit to get the birdie over the net

Enjoy the Game. Have Fun!!!

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